Saturday, 18 November 2017

Queensland Stamp Manuscript Cancellations

This is a listing of the different Queensland receiving office manuscript cancellations found on Queensland (Chalon, Sideface and Commonwealth) postage stamps. To find the receiving office you are looking for select from the alphabetical tabs above or the labels at the right

While hundreds of receiving offices existed for various lengths of time, almost all 
did not use distinctly recognisable markings. Most receiving offices followed the instructions of either not cancelling the stamp but letting the first "Official" Post Office that the mail arrived at do this, or they followed a later instruction to write the receiving offices' name on the envelope or postcard near the stamp. To see this you would need the envelope or postcard.

However, if the letter was a "local" mail, that is used in the same town / area, then
 postage stamps were to be obliterated by lines drawn diagonally across the stamps with a pen and black ink, and the name of the office and the date written on the upper left-hand corner of the letter. This is where most of the crosses, wavy lines, names and initials come from. Occasionally this was applied to mail destined for outside the local area as well.

All identifiable manuscript cancellations are therefore extremely scarce and hard to find, with the possible exceptions of Cania, Mt Larcom, Parson's Point and San Jose.


The rarity rating, given this caveat, is Scarce, for the most commonly found cancels, Rare, and then Very Rare where only 1 or two examples have been seen by me. All covers and postcards (with the possible exception of Parson's Point) are extremely rare and desirable.


Information about the receiving offices comes from Joan Frew: Queensland Post Offices 1842-1980 and Receiving Offices 1869-1927, published in 1981. 
Stampboards material can be seen at the Queensland Receiving Office Manuscript Cancels on stamps page here

Booval

Booval receiving office, 3 km east of the Ipswich post office. The receiving office opened at the railway station in 1883 and was elevated to a post office in 1912. The original receiving office keeper was the stationmaster, J. Denham
  • manuscript cancellation dated 1910 rated Very Rare
 

Booval manuscript cancellation dated 5 January 1910 with a TPO Queensland date stamp of the same date and rated Very Rare. Seen on Ebay

Maroochy River

Maroochy River, 8 km from Nambour. An  unofficial Maroochy River Boat Mail Service appears to have been operating in 1934
  • River Boat Mail Service seen in 1934 rated Very Rare

Maroochy River Boat Mail Service manuscript cancellation rated Very Rare. Dated 27 March 1934. Seen at Phoenix Auction no 54

The annotation on the cover reads as follows: THis letter was cancelled by the Maroochy River mailman, where such letters are picked up at farmers landings and delivered to other settlers along the banks of the river. Mode of conveyance. Motor boat. Service twice weekly

Blackfellows Gully (B F Gully)

Blackfellows Gully (B F Gully) Receiving office, on Six Mile Creek on the northern part of the Morinish gold field, 29 km from Yaamba. The receiving office opened in 1888 and closed on 24 February 1892, reopened in June 1897 and closed on 31 January 1912. It reopened 2 km from the previous site on 22 July 1912 and closed on 30 September 1927. 

The receiving office keepers were R. Davis in 1888, Mrs M. Boyd in 1889, Mrs Mitchell in 1890, Mrs J. Lawrence in June 1897, Miss M. Welsh from 28 February 1903, Miss Annie from 1 April 1909, Miss Ellen Farrell from 22 July 1909 and Mrs O'Donoghue from 22 July 1912
  • manuscript cancellation seen in 1910 rated Very Rare


Blackfellows Gully manuscript cancellation rated Very Rare. Dated 21 August 1910. Seen in the Queensland Stamp Collecting Facebook Group

Armstrong Creek

Armstrong Creek Receiving office, 15 km west of Petrie. It opened in 1905 and closed in 1909 before reopening at the railway station on 19 March 1923 and was designated a post office in late 1927
  • Mail bag seal rated Very Rare


Armstrong Creek Mail bag seal and rated Very Rare. Seen at Phoenix Auction no 54

Saturday, 11 March 2017

Gleneagle

Gleneagle receiving office, 6 km north of Beaudesert. The receiving office opened on 19 August 1889 and was elevated to a post office in 1927. The original receiving office keeper was Mrs Rafferty
  • manuscript cancellation rated Very Rare


Gleneagle manuscript cancellation and rated Very Rare. Seen in Smithies

Louisa Creek

Louisa Creek Receiving office, 17 km south of Mackay. It opened in 1896 and was renamed Alligator Creek later that year
  • Mail bag seal rated Very Rare


Louisa Creek Mail bag seal and rated Very Rare. Seen in the Queensland Stamp Collating Facebook Group 


Louisa Creek Mail bag seal and rated Very Rare. Seen in Smithies

Wutul

WutuReceiving office, 62 km north north west of Toowoomba. It opened in 1913 and was elevated to a post office in 1917
  • Mail bag seal rated Very Rare



Wutul Mail bag seal and rated Very Rare. Seen at Prestige Philately auction no 141



Monday, 28 November 2016

Dakabin

Dakabin Receiving office, 16 km south of Caboolture. It opened in February 1903 and was designated a post office in late 1927. The first receiving office keeper was A. McPhie. All examples seen also have an electric telegraph cancel in violet. It was probably used in lieu of a datestamp cancellation, as no datestamp cancellations for this post office during this period are known
  • Manuscript cancellation seen in 1932 to1937 rated Rare


Dakabin electric telegraph cancel with a manuscript cancellation dated 31 May 1935 and rated Rare. Seen in the Queensland Facebook Group



Dakabin electric telegraph cancel with a manuscript cancellation dated 30 July 1936 and rated Rare. Seen in a private collection


Probable Dakabin electric telegraph cancel with a manuscript cancellation dated 19 February 1937 and rated Rare. Seen in a private collection 


Dakabin electric telegraph cancel with a manuscript cancellation dated 28 August 1935 and rated Rare. Seen at Phoenix Auction no 55


Dakabin electric telegraph cancel with a manuscript cancellation dated 28 December 1932 and rated Rare. Seen in Smithies



Dakabin electric telegraph cancel with a manuscript cancellation dated 13 October 1932 and rated Rare. Seen at Phoenix Auction no 58

Friday, 26 August 2016

Rainworth

Rainworth Post office, 75 km south of Emerald. It opened in January 1863 and closed at the end of that year
  • Manuscript cancellation seen in 1863 rated Very Rare



Rainworth manuscript cancellation rated Very Rare. Dated 17 February 1863. Seen in a private collection. The post office was in existence at this time. However, as datestamp cancellations have been seen for this office, it is possible the official datestamp canceller had not yet been received

Unofficial receiving offices at Queensland pastoral properties and remote work locations

I have come across a handful of covers that have originated from Queensland pastoral properties and other remote work locations with their name written on the top left hand side. They also include a signature and the word registered if applicable. They are subsequently cancelled at the nearest post office. I suspect, given the size of these properties, the number of people employed by them and living on site, as well as their distance to the nearest post office, that these acted as unofficial receiving offices with the stamps affixed on site and then given to the letter carrier, when he delivered mail to that location, to take to the post office, where they were cancelled and registered. 

If you have any more examples. I would love to see them.

Originating at Darr Rivers Downs, a pastoral property west of Longreach. Dated 22 August 1907

Originating at Charlotte Plains, a pastoral property east of Cunnamulla. Dated 11 June 1903. Seen on Stampboards

A cover from Darr River Downs outside Longreach and dated 25 September 1904. Seen on Ebay

And this one from a Chain Gang crew (56) working on a railway outside Alpha in 1901


Retro Station outside Capella dated 19 March 1903. Seen in Queensland Facebook Group


Stoneleigh Station dated 21 July 1899 in the Ingham district dated 23 July 1899. Seen in Queensland Facebook Group


Penola Downs near Kynuna dated 13 october 1904. Seen in Premier Postal auction no 56

A cover from Maneroo Station outside Longreach and dated 15 March 1903. Seen on Stampboards

Mail sent in Queensland without going through a post office

I have recently discovered that it was legal to send mail in Queensland without going through a post office. This newspaper article explains:

Logan Witness (Beenleigh, Qld), Saturday 25 February 1882, page 2

Road Letters

The Governor in Council has been pleased to approve the following new regulation under section 5 of the ‘Postage Act of 1871,’ which is published for general information. 

Notwithstanding anything contained in the postal regulations issued on the 29th May, 1880, and clauses 13 and 16 of the General Conditions attached to Mail Contracts, contractors or other persons employed as mailmen in the conveyance of mails shall when required by any person on the road beyond the precincts of a post town or a distance of one mile from the nearest Post Office, take in charge any letter or packet bearing the proper postage in stamps affixed thereto and deliver such letter or packet at any place on the mail line, before arriving, at a Post Office and such letter or packet shall be deemed to have been sent by post in terms of the ‘Postage Act of 1871.'

Provided that the stamps affixed thereto shall be obliterated or destroyed on delivery by the addressee or receiver in the presence of the mailman: and any person neglecting to so obliterate or destroy such stamps shall be liable on conviction thereof to a penalty not exceeding £5 for each offence, and the mailman or person in charge of the mail shall be liable on conviction to a penalty not exceeding £5 for each case for neglecting to see the stamps so obliterated or destroyed at the time of delivery thereof. And any person again using such unobliterated stamps shall be liable to the penalty provided by clause 68 of ‘The Postal Act of 1871.' Any mailman or other person in charge of the mail receiving or delivering any letter or packet under these regulations without the proper stamps affixed thereto, shall be liable on conviction thereof to a penalty not exceeding £5 for each offence. N.B. Mailmen are not allowed to take money in payment or postage for road letters or packets.

I think I have found two examples of this practice (seen on Stampboards) both addressed to Mt Morgan and would love to see more!